Brown V The Board Of Education Impact On African Americans Essay

1995 Words 8 Pages
Brown V. The Board of Education
Education has long been regarded as a valuable asset for all of America's youth. Yet, for decades, the full benefits of education were denied to African Americans as a result of the prevailing social condition of Jim Crowism. Not until the verdict in Brown V the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, would this denial be acknowledged and slowly dismantled. Jim Crow laws, in U.S. history, statutes enacted by Southern states and munici-palities, beginning in the 1880s, legalizing segregation between blacks and whites (Woodward, 6). One of the most cited cases serving as the basis of Jim Crow was the Supreme Court case Plessy Vs Ferguson . The Court ruling in 1896 in Plessy v. Ferguson stated that
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Elliot, the president of the school board for Clarendon County, South Carolina. Initially, parents had only asked the county to provide school buses for the black students as they did for whites. When their petitions were ignored, they filed a suit challenging segregation itself. The first of the five cases consolidated into Brown.
The NAACP's noted success began noted in 1950 with both the Sweatt v Painter, and McLaurin V Oklahoma Board of Regents cases. The Sweat V Painter case ruling enabled Herman Marion Sweatt, a black man, to gain admission into the all white University of Texas Law School, on the grounds that the state did not provide equal education for him. McLaurin v. Oklahoma Board of Regents challenged the set of limitations that were set on a black doctoral student who attended the University of Oklahoma. The Supreme Court also ruled in favor of the plaintiff on this case, citing that McLaurin "handicapped in his pursuit of effective graduate instruction. Such restrictions impair and inhibit his ability to study, to engage in discussion and exchange view with other students, and in general to learn his professions " (Kluger, 283).
In 1950 the Topeka NAACP, led by McKinley Burnett, set out to organize a legal challenge to an 1879 Kansas State law that permitted racially segregated elementary schools in certain cities based on population. For Kansas this would become the 12th case filed in the state focused on ending segregation in public

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