Blacks in America: Tolerant to Revolution of the Harlem Renaissance

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Blacks in America from 1900 to 1920 were more tolerant of their living situations and the near abolishment of their basic human rights than the more educated and vocal blacks of the Harlem Renaissance period in New York from 1920 to 1930. This paper will show how and explain why; blacks from 1900-1920 were more tolerant of their situation in America than those who launched the revolution of the Harlem Renaissance from 1920-1930. According to Gordon D. Morgan, “The Harlem Renaissance was essentially an attempt to create a new identity for Black people. One which would have them apologizing neither for their color nor for their former Status as slaves” (Morgan, p. 214). This essay will investigate the forces both internally in the …show more content…
Deserted by the federal government after the compromise that ended reconstruction, blacks in the south found themselves pitted against racism and hatred unchecked by law enforcement. The ideals of Tuskegee Institute’s Booker T. Washington were the prominent course of action followed by Blacks in the rural farming communities of the south. Washington’s philosophy was one that asked Blacks to work hard, practice self-help and seek education in order to find advancement (Ferguson, p. 43). This philosophy endeared him to northern philanthropist, and convinced them to help in helping fund Tuskegee Institute. Washington saw education as the key to helping Blacks cope with the oppression they had endured. Still, the early 1900’s saw many Blacks flee the south searching for better opportunities in the industrial north. According to Karen J. Ferguson, “The Cooperative Farm Demonstration Movement originated in 1903 as a United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) program developed by Seaman A. Knapp to battle the onslaught of the boll weevil in the cotton fields of Texas and Louisiana” (Ferguson, p. 34). This movement spread to the southern regions of the United States in 1906. This region had not yet been overrun by the boll weevil. According to Ferguson, J. D. Rockefeller established and funded “the General Education Board (GEB), a philanthropic trust” that was responsible for

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