Argentina Argentina, officially known as the Argentine Republic or Republica Argentina, is a country occupying the most southern portion of South America. For many foreigners, especially Europeans, Argentina has presented the traditional New World image of a land of romance and opportunity. It received its name, "roughly translated as 'land of silver' or 'silvery one,' from the Spanish explorers of the 16th century who were lured there by rumors that portrayed the presence of vast mineral wealth." (Encyclopedia Britannica 357) The "Sun of May," a sun with a human face, appears on the state flag (adopted in 1818) and on the coat of arms. It stands for Argentina's freedom from Spain. The
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It also includes the stark tableland of the Patagonia, and an never - ending Atlantic coastline of 2,936 miles (www.infoplease.lycos.com) Argentina also claims a portion of Antarctica, as well as several islands in the South Atlantic, including the British - ruled Falklands (Islas Malvinas). It is bounded by Chile on the south and west, Bolivia and Paraguay on the north, and Brazil, Uruguay, and the Atlantic Ocean on the east. The southern most town in the world, Ushuaia, is situated in Argentina.
The first people to settle Argentina were the farming American Indians. Next, Colonists from Spain and other parts of South America settled the country from the 16th through the 18th centuries. Emigrants from many European countries, including Italy and Germany, settled Argentina in the last part of the 19th century and the first quarter of the 20th. This immigration made Argentina a place where the poor of Europe could earn a decent living by farming wheat, corn, oilseeds, fruits, and nuts, and by also raising cattle in the Pampas. The Pampas are the flat, fertile plains in the east central region of the country, allowing for Argentina to become "one of the world's chief exporters of food and agricultural products" (Encyclopedia Britannica 359).
"South of the Colorado River is Patagonia, the largest region of Argentina. It extends from the Pampa to Tierra del Fuego and was named in 1520 by the