Applied Behavior Analysis Essay

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Applied behavior Analysis (ABA) is the scientific application of set principals of operant behavior that branch off of the behaviorism philosophical approach of behavior. The core principals of Applied Behavior Analysis are to target an individual’s behavior for change that has a real life application for the individual. Moreover, of Applied Behavior Analysis seeks to discover the environmental variables that influence the individual behavior while simultaneously demonstrates a functional relationship between the manipulated environmental behavior and the target behavior.
The main subset of Applied Behavior Analysis is “Stimulus, Operant conditioning, positive reinforcement and punishment and consequences” Stimulus is events and the
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When an Individual target behavior is being investigated, Scientist theorized about the environmental influence on the target behavior. Next, scientist and researcher use systematic approaches to study and observed the behavior. One approach used is the scientific method, it allow scientist to use a standard set of principal to test their theories on the Individual target behavior.
Applied Behavior Analysis came into play in the early 20th century led by B.F Watson who introduced the theories of Behavior and it relationship with the environment, however the somewhat radical B.F. Skinner outlined the concepts of operant behavior and laid down the foundation of many of the principals of applied Behavior Analysis, In the 1960s the application of Applied Behavior Analysis is schools was pioneered and by the 1970s it was a curriculum in many university. During this another treatment based on the principals of Applied Behavioral Analysis was introduced, the Lovaas treatment developed by a psychologist name Ivar Lovaas at the University of California Los Angeles (Butch, 2011) is an intensive behavioral treatment approach which used more of an reinforcement as is main emphasis for modifying behavior. The Lovass treatment was a success in the early 1960s with children with autism, who received an early intervention. “Children who received at least forty hours a week of intensive

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