Essay about Wrongful Convictions

3807 Words Mar 30th, 2013 16 Pages

Latrina Dickerson

Master of Arts in Liberal Studies
Clayton State University, Morrow, Georgia

February, 2013

Wrongful Convictions and Violations of Civil Liberties

Abstract: Over the past twenty years, advancement in DNA technology has directly led to the exoneration of nearly 300 people in the United States. In addition to these scientific advancements, a growing body of literature has focused on the significant roles eyewitness misidentification, so-called “jailhouse snitches,” and false confessions have played in contributing to wrongful convictions in U.S. courts. The aim of this paper is to examine the
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Various other writers emerged in the country publishing books and journal articles on the issue of wrongful convictions in the United States criminal justice system. The works produced by legal representatives and media personalities were influenced by a narrative methodology as well as ethical indignation over the undeserved destiny of the wrongly convicted. Regardless of the fact that the works were convincing from a scientific perspective, the exoneration stories detailed in the works did not convince others that unjust convictions reflected a systemic issue in the United States criminal justice system. For a few decades after the 1960s, wrongful convictions did not have great attention among criminal justice officers, policy makers, or even the public (Leo and Gould, 2009).

Wrongful convictions are widespread in the United States; nevertheless, wrongful convictions are not unique to the modern society. Moulton (1937) argues that wrongful convictions have been there throughout history. The research on wrongful convictions has a relatively long history in the United States. For the last one century, various researchers have recorded various convictions of innocent individuals, as well as their causes and impacts. The very first documented case of wrongful conviction in the United States took place in 1812. Russell Colvin went missing from Manchester and suspicion of foul play fell on Jesse and Stephen Boorn, his brothers-in-law.

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