Worldcom Creative Accounting Essay example

4608 Words Jan 27th, 2011 19 Pages
Creative accounting refers to accounting practices that seem to follow the letter of the applicable accounting standards but deviate from the spirit of those standards. It is the use of accounting methods to hide aspects of a company's financial dealings in order to make the company appear more or less successful than it is in reality. In other words, Creative accounting is the transformation of financial accounting figures from what they actually are to what preparers desire by taking advantage of the existing rules and/or ignoring some or all of them. The motivation to indulge in these practices is anticipation of rewards which may include higher share prices, improved credit rating resulting in lower borrowing costs, higher incentive …show more content…
5) If the directors engage in 'insider dealing' in their company's shares they can use creative accounting to delay the release of information for the market, thereby enhancing their opportunity to benefit from inside knowledge.
Scope of creative accounting
1) Flexibility in regulation. Generally the regulation, particularly the accounting regulation permits flexibility in choosing a policy to follow; the International Accounting Standards let the financial management to choose between valuation of the non-current assets at depreciated historical value or at revaluated value. The management may decide the change of the policies, and these shifts are difficult to be identified a few years later.
2) Certain entries in the accounts involve an unavoidable degree of estimation, judgment, and prediction. In some cases, such as the estimation of an asset's useful life made in order to calculate depreciation, these estimates are normally made inside the business and the creative accountant has the opportunity to decide on the side of caution or optimism in making the estimate. Management can use their discretionary position in order to obtain the financial position and stability they assumed; for example, the managers decide the increase or reduce of the provisions for bad debts.
3) The timing of some transactions offers to the management the opportunity to increase the revenues, when the

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