Woman in Psychology Essay

1348 Words Jun 2nd, 2013 6 Pages
Woman In Psychology

Sarah Buonarigo


April 4, 2013

Ms. Gina Craft

Woman In Psychology: Mary Whiton Calkins

Mary Whiton Calkins was the first female President of the American Psychological Association and in the American Philosophical Association Mary came from a family who highly valued education. It was no wonder that Mary Whiton Calkins was a pioneer in the field of psychology (Gale, 2001). She was known to invent many research techniques and made important advancements in the area of memory that believed to still be used today. Although Mary did not have an easy entrance in the field of psychology she was able to get her bachelors and continue studying psychology (Goodwin, 2008). Mary Calkins was never
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A year later she published a paper on associations, which was well received. Mary would later become successful in her psychology career and establish the first psychology laboratory at Wellesley, collaborate experimental study of dreams published in the American Journal of Psychology, and play an important role in the investigation of factors influencing memory (Gale, 2001).
Theoretical Perspective
Mary Whiton Calkins most renowned theoretical perspective in psychology was her concept of self-psychology. She defined her concept of self-psychology as the study of conscious persons or selves (McDonald, 2007). She arrived at this concept as a result of her interactions with William James who asserted that introspective observation is what we have to rely on first and foremost and always for the observation of the self. Mary Whiton Calkins contended that all conscious is personal and unique to each individual. The self-component of her concept differentiated self-psychology from other forms of psychology (McDonald, 2007). Mary believed that the individual’s constant scrutiny of the self through perception and association was the main function of the mind. Furthermore, she believed this process was more than intellectual and involved a person’s moral and spiritual convictions as well. In other words, how we perceive and process information internally is based upon more considerations than our

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