# Wittgenstein ; S Response To Augustine's Puzzle Of Measuring Time

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This essay discusses Wittgenstein’s response to Augustine’s puzzle of measuring time. The paper begins by explaining Augustine`s puzzle. From here the paper explains Wittgenstein’s explanation for the origin of the puzzle, the usage of the wrong definition of measure. The essay, then explains how using the wrong definition leads to the problem. After this the essay gives the rules for measuring time. The paper then concludes that it has been successful in dissolving the puzzle. Augustine’s puzzle proceeds as follows. Augustine notices that as humans we have the capacity to measure intervals of time, as we are able to say how long an interval was . However, he cannot explain how we measure time. The events in time flow from the future into …show more content…
Wittgenstein holds that it is rarely the case that a word has only one meaning. Rather, a word can have many meanings. Philosophical problems arise when we when we treat words as though they have a single meaning. In doing this, we force a single definition of a word onto all cases of the word’s usage. But, this single definition is not applicable to all cases of the word. So there will be cases in which what we are saying will be nonsensical since the definition of the word will not fit with what we are saying. What we are doing then is creating a paradox, since we are using the correct word but what we are saying nonsensical, since the definition doesn’t fit with what we are trying to articulate. This is what Augustine is doing. In trying to measure time, he uses the wrong definition of measure, and as a result creates a paradox for himself. Wittgenstein holds that Augustine is using a variation of measure which refers to measuring lengths rather than a measure that refers to time. Using the right definition of measure should allow for Augustine’s puzzle to be …show more content…
When we are measuring an interval of time, what we are trying to find is the interval’s duration. Now, an interval has a defined beginning and end, and so it has two points that define the area we are measuring. What we are measuring then is the amount of time, which is represented as unit of time such as an hour, which passed between the first point’s occurrence and the second point’s occurrence. Simply put then, duration is equal to the difference between the first and second points’ units of time(d= P2-P1). When we find this amount, we have found the duration, and have thus measured time. So, if I wanted to measure the interval between when I woke up, at say 8:00, to when I went to bed, at say 20:00, then the interval would be equal to twelve hours, since 20-8=12. Thus, to measure time we need to solve for the interval’s

• ## Is Time A Metaphysical Construct Or Is It Real Essay

This makes sense because when time passes it exemplifies that a movement has occurred. Aristotle also thinks that "before" and "after are words we should use to show that time has passed. Nevertheless, when you look at the terms of the time you also have the now which acts as the boundaries of time, but it can be described as the connection of the past and the future. For Aristotle, the "now" is a geometrical point in a circle that can begin and end at the same time. Time is the measure of motion and Aristotle assigns a number to calculate the motion.…

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• ## Parmenides: The Signs Of Truth

Nonetheless, they are ultimately flawed because of Gorgias’ claims and because of one crucial error in his logic. Parmenides says that “what-is” is not divisible, therefore there cannot be more than one “what-is”. This is problematic because it does not allow for plurality, which is evident that it…

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• ## William James's Relationship Between Belief And Evidence?

These criteria are too subjective to yield universal truths so philosophers who rely on them always come up with conflicting answers. Author Chris Hookway argues that, in appropriate circumstances, it can be rational or appropriate to form or retain beliefs when you possess relatively little, or even no, relevant evidence. Correctness of the belief cannot be settled intellectually. Others concern the practical urgency of settling whether to engage , and the lack of alternative courses of action which do not depend upon this belief.There are two laws, and we can only follow one of them on any specific occasion. James says that we shouldn’t will to believe something where the option is avoidable and trivial.…

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• ## Issue Of Impressions And Ideas In Hume's Analysis Of Human Thought

This is part of the distorting effect of the human mind because it cannot retain the first impression, but instead, it begins to degrade into an “idea.” An idea is one way in which the individual’s mind distorts the experience by inserting their own past experie4nces over the initial impression. This is one way to explain the validity of Hume’s argument based on these additional aspects of the human thought: “It is impossible, therefore, that any arguments from experience can prove this resemblance of the past to the future; since all these arguments are founded on the supposition of that resemblance” (Hume para.8). Therefore, the premise of present and future tense define the dilution of an impression over time, which defines an important evaluation of how individual experiences can distort…

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• ## Criticism And Empiricism: The Verificationist Theory Of Meaning

The verificationist theory of meaning asserts that a statement’s meaning and whether it is meaningful or not lies in its method of confirmation or disconfirmation. This is a compelling, yet inadequate, theory. In this paper I will focus on exploring and explaining how this theory proves problematic. I will claim that this theory is immediately inadequate, since many sentences have no method of verification, based purely on content. If this were the case it would mean that outside of a scientific setting (i.e.…

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• ## Bolzano Grounds Of Judgements Analysis

Bolzano believed that relying on spatial and geometric intuition was an improper way to prove a truth in analysis. He thought, though arguments appealing to space can be used to explain the truth of a proposition, such methods cannot justify the truth…

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• ## Philosophical Skepticism In G. E. Moore's Counter Argument

This however contradicts himself and leads him to beg the question. The problem with the debate of Moore vs the philosophical skeptic is they both believe in different worlds. Moore believes in what could be called the "realistic world" whereas the philosophical skeptic believes in the "doubtful world". Intuitively, it goes against all of our senses to believe that such an external and "realistic" world does not exist. Moore is correct in describing our intuitions as the smarter bet, but because he tries to demonstrate his argument deductively, his "proof" is invalid.…

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• ## Plato's Theaetetus: The Idea Of Knowledge

This brings to light a new dilemma, where the then proposed complex is formed unknowable elements. The third and final proposed definition of a logos is “being able to state some mark by which the thing one is asked for differs from everything else.”. But to find a statement that can clearly make one thing differ in all matters from all others is nearly an impossible feat, so Socrates concludes that this statement, too, does not withstand his…

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• ## Gilbert Ryle Criticism Of Dualism

Ryle is suggesting you accept his explanation of why dualism commits a category mistake on the grounds of non dualistic ontology! Although he does argue that the original language explaining dualism is wrong. The way Ryle is critiquing dualism is problematic because for one to build a case against dualism based on beliefs external to dualism is inaccurate. Ryle continues to flip flop between internal and external terminology. Ryle objects to using the term “inside” to describe mental happenings because to do so would require the process to be observable in some sense.…

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• ## Event-Causal Model Of Human Agency Case Study

The descriptions of mental states, either mental or physical, are simply irrelevant to causing actions. We have different descriptions of the same event, and we can also give different causal explanations with regards to the same causal relation. However, Davidson’s attempt might be frustrated if we realize the following difficulties. The first difficulty concerns our experience of human agency. ECM asserts that intentional states are causes of actions, and causes are usually taken to be sufficient for effects, thus ECM has difficulty in accounting for those cases where our intentional states have limited control over our behaviors.…

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