Why Was There a Struggle Between the Bourgeoisie and the Proletariat Which Would Create the Preconditions for Socialism?

896 Words Apr 14th, 2013 4 Pages
Why, according to Marx and Engels in The Manifesto of the Communist Party, was there inevitably struggle between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat, which would create the preconditions for socialism? ___________________

The theories of Karl Marx have influenced some of the world’s greatest thinkers. Marx’s idea of the inevitable class struggle within capitalism and consequent place for a socialist society is professed within ‘The Manifesto of the Communist Party.’ It is necessary to explore why Marx and Engels believed class conflict to be unavoidable in order to understand why the preconditions for socialism could be established. It is clear that economics is at the heart of Marxist thought and it can be arguably suggested that
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This concentration of wealth and deprivation obviously creates a class struggle that was inevitable due to capitalism’s class system. Another aspect of capitalism that created an ineluctable class conflict was how it needed to change its instruments of production. The introduction of machines meant that the proletariat regressed into further poverty and thus a further struggle was created. This was inevitable as capitalism must revolutionise their instruments of production in order to make more profit, which is the nature of capitalism. This is done by eliminating the need for workers and therefore their wages. This element of capitalism is explored in the manifesto when it is stated of the proletariat that the “improvement of machinery, ever more rapidly developing, makes their livelihood more and more precarious” (page 10). The mass increase in profit for the bourgeoisie augments the competition and more people of the lower middle classes lapse into the proletariat. Marx explains that this is because: “their diminutive capital does not suffice for the scale on which modern industry is carried on, and is swamped in the competition with the large capitalists, partly because their specialised skill is rendered worthless by new methods of productions” (page 9). Therefore we can see that a class struggle was inevitable as the gap between the rich and the poor was bound to expand due to the characteristics of capitalism. Class conflict was certain to some

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