Why Genetic Enhancement Is Unethical Essays

1525 Words Dec 6th, 2016 7 Pages
Why Genetic Enhancement is Unethical
The growing desire for the perfect child and increased pressure and expectations from society have pushed parents toward genetic enhancement--the altering of their child’s genes for the purpose of intellectual and/or physical advances. The scientific advancements, making genetic enhancement possible have resulted in a conflicted society; some people support the new technology, while others argue it should not be used. Philosopher Michael J. Sandel critiques the use of genetic enhancement in his book The Case Against Perfection and constructs a claim examining why genetic enhancement is unethical. Sandel disputes the morality of genetic enhancement with two points: (1) because enhancement leads to a loss of appreciation for natural giftedness, and (2) because enhancement violates a child’s right to autonomy. In this paper, I defend Michael Sandel’s position on genetic enhancement. I argue that genetic enhancement is unethical and should not be legal. I support the autonomy argument and hold that genetic enhancement leads to less appreciation for natural talent.
Sandel discusses both the Autonomy Argument and the Giftedness View in his book. The first of Sandel’s arguments, the Autonomy Argument, says that genetic enhancement is unethical because enhancement violates a child’s right to autonomy or freedom. While Sandel does not make this his main argument and even states that the Autonomy Argument is “not persuasive”, he does use the…

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