Why Did Truman's Doctrine And Power Over Foreign Policy

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When the Allied forces defeated the Axis Powers and World War II ended FDR, Churchill and Stalin made a bargain deal about the future of Europe, and divided the Continent into two spheres of influence, the democratic west, and the communist east. In a speech Churchill remarked, “An iron curtain has descended across the Continent.” Thus the strategy of the United States developed to ensure that arch of Soviet influence remained contained within those established lines. Not long after, communism breached those lines, as Stalin attempted to strong-arm Iran and Turkey under Soviet Control, and the first signs of containment conflicts between communism and democracy appeared in Greece, with their civil war. US President Harry Truman responded with …show more content…
Truman strengthened his doctrine, and power over foreign policy by enhancing the National Security Act and creating the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) which he charged “with coordinating the nation’s intelligence activities and correlating, evaluating and disseminating intelligence affecting national security” directly to the President. The CIA was critical in enhancing the role of Cold War Presidents over foreign policy. Using multiple strategies, powers and actions, such as covert military, political, and social ops, psychological warfare, economic aid, and military powers in places such as Iran, Guatemala, and Afghanistan the CIA asymmetrically combated soviet influence, protecting US national security. The clandestine actions of the CIA to stage coups against communist regimes and remove anti-US leaders stopped the global spread of communism during the Cold …show more content…
Eisenhower established the CIA as a key tool for executing foreign policy when he used the agency’s resources and operatives to stealthily promote and aid a coup d’état in Iran, that prevented the growth of the Soviet sphere of influence. Eisenhower is committed to the cause of an internationalist response to the Soviet Union, working with allies to combat communism. However, communist ideologies are overrunning formerly US allied governments. President Eisenhower understands from first hand experience during World War II, the costs and risks of committing US forces to battles. His preferred support for covert actions and proxy wars, is expressed in his choice to support “subversion against hostile states or groups including the assistance to underground resistance movements, gorillas and a refugee liberation groups; support of indigenous and anti-Communist elements and threaten the countries of the free world; deception plans and operations; and all activities compatible with this directive necessary to accomplish the foregoing.” Thus proving the acknowledgment that the CIA is intended to serve US foreign policy by acting covertly. In 1953, Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mossadeq challenged the Western installed Shah of Iran, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, over Pahlavi’s approval and support of British oil drilling in Iran. Mossadeq’s push to remove all

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