What Is The Purpose Of James Henry Hammond Speech

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James Henry Hammond of South Carolina, was known to be in a pro-slavery state of mind. With the biggest issue of this time period in the United States being the idea of abolishing slavery in the southern states, Hammond was one of the well known spokespersons for the south. Hammond shows his ideas of why slavery is needed in the south and the effects abolishing slavery would bring for both the southern and also the northern states (“James Henry Hammond” My GA). Needless to say, Hammond would not tolerate abolishing slavery. Throughout this speech, Hammond attempts to change the northerners views of slavery using literary techniques such as imagery, bold contrast, ethos and pathos.

Historical Background/Purpose of the Speech James Henry Hammond
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He wanted to become a senator but he was held from that due to his decision of not becoming an ally of Calhoun. Finally in 1857, Hammond did become a Senator, this is when he changed his mind on the thought of secession of the southern states. He learned that most people who lived in the southern region did not really want to break away from the nation, they just wanted their rights to be protected, and that is what Hammond strived for. After Lincoln was elected into office as president, he did not see the need for secession of the southern states because most of their rights were protected. Once War broke out between the north and the south, Hammond had become very sick. While leaving a plantation that help more than 300 slaves on November 13th, 1864, Hammond …show more content…
Without slavery the cotton kingdom would no longer be as profitable as before. Needless to say, Hammond being a pro-slavery senator at the time of his speech, he had to convince the other members of congress that keeping slavery is the right thing to do and that it would be illogical to abolish the thought of slavery. He says multiple times throughout the speech that the blacks are a needed workforce. Logos is the main form of persuasion in the ¨Cotton is King¨

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