What Guides Or Influences Human Behavior, Affect, And Thought?

1806 Words Oct 4th, 2016 8 Pages
Pragmatism is a philosophy that assumes human behavior, affect, and thought are goal driven and functional in context.
What guides or influences human behavior, affect, and thought? Personal experience guides and culture influences human behavior, affect, and thought. One’s cultural approach is contextual by nature and in the words of anthropologist E.B. Tylor, culture is "that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief, art, morals, law, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a member of society" (Tylor, 1871, p. 1). As a member of society, we acquire social norms based on the context and these become our cultural standards. Thus our cultural context influences our behavior, affect, and thought through society’s values determining what is normal, and in turn what is a deviance from that norm.
Personal experience within our cultural context guides our behavior, affect, and thought. Every person has individual genetic factors, and our genes interacting with our environmental components shapes our personal experience. The interactions between genes and environment is the biological theory of epigenesis. The genotype–phenotype distinction is drawn in genetics. "Genotype" is the genetic constitution of an individual organism 's full hereditary information often contrasted with "phenotype", an organism 's actual observed properties such as morphology, development, or behavior. This distinction is fundamental in the study of inheritance of traits and…

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