Water Withdrawals In France

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1. Most of the total water withdrawals in France are used by the Industry: 24. 48 billion m3 followed by municipal water use of 5.49 billion m3 and agricultural water use 3.143 billion m3. In percentages industrial water withdrawals represent 73.93%, agricultural water withdrawals represent 9.49 % and municipal 16.58 %. http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/data/query/index.html?lang=en (Aquastat) In comparison the world water withdrawals used by industry in 2007 are 734 km3 or 19 % of the total, agricultural water withdrawals are 2722 km3 or 69 % of the total, and municipal 462 km3 or 12 % of the world total water withdrawals. http://www.fao.org/nr/water/aquastat/tables/WorldData-Withdrawal_eng.pdf ( Aquastat). USA as a first world country predictably has a high percentage of …show more content…
The most common source of water contamination in France are agricultural and particularly nitrate contamination. Other factors effecting prices are density of the population, water source, topography etc. General trend of continuously increasing prices is observed in France. About 34.5 % of the French population is supplied drinking water by the company Veolia Eau France followed by Lyonnaise des Eaux, 10.8 % by Saur and the rest by public operators or other contractors. Most of the water sanitation services are provided also by Veolia Eau France for about 22.00 % of the French population, 20.01 % are served by Lyonnaise des Eaux, 9.3 % by Saur, 47.0 % by public operators and the remaining are served by other contractors. http://www.fp2e.org/userfiles/files/publication/etudes/Etude%20FP2E-BIPE%202012_VA.pdf ( Public water supply and Sanitation Services in France) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D_LzZKy3bGY (A video showing a typical wastewater treatment plant owned by one of the major water companies in France : “Suez”.

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