Vietnamization Essay

669 Words May 25th, 2011 3 Pages
Vietnamization It is has been about thirty-five years since the last American soldier set foot on Vietnamese soil, but the Vietnam War still remains to cast a dark shadow on American history. During the war, the United States fought to protect South Vietnam from the terrors of North Vietnam and the threat of turning to communism. Despite America’s valiant efforts, it lost about $150 billion on the war, as well as about 58 thousand American soldiers (Gilbert 377). Many people believed when President Lyndon B. Johnson stepped down from office in 1969, that the war was coming to an end, however it was far from over. Shortly after Lyndon Johnson stepped down, Richard Milhous Nixon became the president in 1969. Nixon had a policy in mind …show more content…
Nixon had been gradually removing US troops from Vietnam since 1969; however, his advisors warned him that the gradual removal of all troops could lead to a North Vietnamese victory (Spartacus Educational). Therefore, they agreed that the only way they could avoid this was to negotiate a peace agreement between both sides. Peace talks were conducted by Nixon’s chief foreign policy advisor, Henry A. Kissinger and North Vietnam’s Le Duc Tho (Hickman). On January 27, 1973, the United States, South Vietnam, North Vietnam, and the Viet Cong signed a cease-fire agreement. This pact benefitted the U.S. because it allowed for the withdrawal of all U.S. and allied forces from Vietnam within the next 60 days, as well as return of all prisoners. In March 29, 1973, the final U.S. troops left Vietnam, but unfortunately, after they had gone, peace talks soon broke down and the war continued between the two halves of the nation (Gilbert 376). Vietnamization was ultimately a very successful tactic in bringing U.S. troops home and lessening U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. By helping the South Vietnamese people with ways to overcome the enemy, President Nixon was able to stabilize the problem of having too much involvement in a war that was not meant for the United States. The policy enabled South Vietnam to strengthen itself as whole. It became a stronger military force and also political force as well. All in all, it is safe to say that

Related Documents