Vietnam And The Vietnam War Essay

2447 Words May 4th, 2016 10 Pages
The Vietnam War was an extensive and expensive war between the Communist regime of North Vietnam and South Vietnam, known as Viet Cong. The United States were allies with South Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh was the founder of the Indochina Communist Party and the prime minister and leader of North Vietnam. His Communist party was called the Viet Minh. Ngo Dinh Diem was the first President of South Vietnam. He was not in favor of Communism.
The war started on November 1, 1955 and ended on April 30, 1975. Even thought the war officially started in 1955, there were numerous factors that were taking place prior to this. During World War II, Japan occupied Vietnam. Ho Chi Minh decided to fight Japan and French colonial administration. Japan eventually backed out in 1945. This led to Ho Chi Minh’s rise in power in North Vietnam.
In July 1954, the Geneva Agreements were signed. This required the French to remove their troops from Northern Vietnam. The Agreement also divided Vietnam by the 17th parallel. There was a two-year period to allow elections for President. In that two-year period no foreign troops could enter Vietnam. The Geneva Conference and Agreement was a turning point in the United States involvement in Vietnam.
The United States became heavily involved in 1955. Under President Dwight D. Eisenhower, the United States had guaranteed support to their Ngo Dinh Diem and South Vietnam. John F. Kennedy was also in favor of Ngo Dinh Diem’s anti-Communism and pro-Catholic…

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