Berdiaeff Brave New World Analysis

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Nicolas Berdiaeff, a 20th century Russian philosopher, once wrote:
Utopias appear to be much more achievable than was previously thought. But now we are now faced with a question far more distressing: how to avoid actually creating one? …Utopias are achievable. Life marches towards utopias. And perhaps a new century begins there, a century where an intellectual and cultured class will dream of ways to avoid utopias and return to a non-utopian society, less ‘perfect’ more free. (Huxley V)
A utopian society was previously considered as an imaginary or unreal place. However, the technological advancements that have taken place in the 20th century have made utopias achievable. Berdiaeff was the one who observed these advancements and he expressed
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Brave New World by Aldous Huxley is a thematic representation of Berdiaeff’s thought. In Brave New World, Huxley is trying to point out the flaws of a society that is …show more content…
Religion is wiped out of the society because the Controllers think that it creates a fear of death which might make people unhappy. Mustapha Mond believes that “God isn’t compatible with machinery and scientific medicine and universal happiness” (Huxley 234). The citizens of the World State do not have any knowledge about God. In the World State, “All crosses had their tops cut and became T’s. There was also a thing called God” (Huxley 52). The word ‘thing’ shows that people consider God as a joke and they look down on people who believe in God. Though, the Controllers think that removing religion would finish all kinds of suffering, but ironically, they do not understand that one must suffer in order to know true happiness. Through not bearing the pains and burdens, a person is not able to learn the height of what happiness and enjoyment could actually be. This highlights Berdiaeff’s point that a utopian society is only a deception because a perfectly happy society can never exist. Besides this, another example of innovation to bring happiness in the World State is the excessive consumption of a drug called soma. This drug is “Euphoric, narcotic, pleasantly hallucinant” (Huxley 53). Whenever people in the World State feel sad or painful, they consume soma in order to “Take a holiday from

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