Training Methods Of Skeletal Training, Endurance And Resistance Training

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There are many different types of training methods. Skeletal muscle is needed to complete each type of approach. However, depending on the specific training being done, the skeletal muscle will adapt differently to each type. The two most basic types of exercise are endurance and resistance training (Knuiman, 2015). The goal of endurance training is to improve aerobic power by conducting submaximal muscular contractions. Adversely, resistance training involves approximately maximal contractions occurring in short bouts. It also focuses on muscle hypertrophy, or the enlargement of muscle fibers (Knuiman, 2015). Due to this fact, skeletal muscle adapts to each type of exercise very differently. To understand how skeletal muscle fibers adapt to each type of training, it is …show more content…
It is the main component that generates the force to move the body. Skeletal muscle comprises much of the body’s weight, 40% (Frontera, 2015). The skeletal muscle works by contracting. This is explained in the sliding filament theory where myosin binds to actin and pulls the actin past it. This causes the contraction and the generation of force (Frontera, 2015). Skeletal muscle is unique in the fact that it can adapt to specific types of training. The two main types of training are endurance and resistance. Endurance training causes the skeletal muscle to switch from fast to slow muscle fiber type. It also results in an increase in the total mitochondrial content (Hawley, 2014). Resistance training causes an adaptation in the nervous system and in the increase of skeletal muscle size. This is shown mostly by hypertrophy, or an increase in the size of the current fibers in a muscle. Resistance training, like endurance, also shifts fiber type from fast to slow (Powers, 2015). The adaptations that occur to these types of training are overall beneficial to the human body and can help increase the performance of an

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