Traditional Vs. Community Policing Essay
What is traditional policing? It dictates the law to the public, it focuses on rapid response time and apprehending criminals. Police exist to keep the peace, keep order and prevent crime. The traditional definition of policing was the brainchild of Sir Robert Peel, chief of the London Metropolitan Police in 1829. He set down 9 basic principles:
1. Keep order and prevent crime.
2. The community must agree with police actions.
3. The public must cooperate with the police to show their respect for the law.
4. The more force is used, the less cooperation is obtained, and vice versa.
5. There must be impartiality and lack of bias.
6. Use verbal persuasion before physical force.
7. Members of the community are the police, and the police are members of the community.
8. The police are not judges or juries.
9. Measure the effectiveness of police efforts by reduced crime rates, not the way crimes are fought.
These principles are the foundation of traditional policing (Thompson, 2014). These principles worked in the past because society was more primitive, and ordinary people needed to be told what to do. Nowadays, the pendulum is beginning to swing the other way with the advent of community policing. Communities have changed, families have changed, crime has changed, and now it is time for policing to change.
Unlike traditional policing, community policing takes into account the feelings of the community when it comes to police…