Traditional Punitive Approach To The Juvenile Justice System
Some research has shown that a traditional punitive approach towards juvenile diversion has focused more on the best interests of society rather than on the juvenile’s best interests (Forgays, 2008). The more serious the crime, the more society feels the need to protect from the culprit; this approach is more aligned with the adult criminal justice system (Burns, Howell, Wiig, Augimeri, Welsh, Loeber, & Petechuk, 2003). The traditional punitive approach towards juvenile justice system is to attempt to prevent future offenses by punishing the juvenile, hold him or her liable for the crime and remove him or her from society.
For nearly two decades after a spike in juvenile crime led states to adopt tougher, more …show more content…
Prevention and community-based programs target the youth population with efforts of preventing smoking, drug use, and teen pregnancy. In purpose to divert youth out of the juvenile justice system, serving youth that are placed on informal or formal probation or youth on parole. A traditional justice system is juvenile court, which the youth are balanced against the demand of accountability/punishment and community safety. In Whatcom County there were 84 juvenile participates that participated in a diversion program. In the Canadian System, there were 100 participate who were participates in a diversion program and in San Diego County there were 39 participate that participate in a diversion program. Each of these juvenile offenders attended or participated in a juvenile diversion program and was kept in contact for the following year to see if they have …show more content…
The effect has shown in a meta-analysis data that it has reduced juvenile recidivism. In Whatcom County, Washington, the 84 participate that attend or participate in delinquency prevention program has only 10 percent out of the 84 participate had re-offended. Which shows only 9 juveniles out of the 84 re-offended and went back into their old ways. In the Canadian System, there were 100 participates and only 19 percent of the juveniles that participated or attended in a delinquency diversion program re-offended. In San Diego County, California, only 12 percent out of the 39 participate re-offended after participating or attending a delinquency diversion programs. These results show significant finding and effects that delinquency diversion programs have effect on juvenile recidivism.
The meta-analysis that was conducted to help shed some light on the widely debate on effectiveness of juvenile diversion programs has shown results indicate that diversion programs, both caution and intervention are significantly more effective in reducing recidivism than the tradition/institutional setting of the criminal justice system punishment. The political and institutional changes are needed to bring about evidence-based practices required in every organization. Policymakers will have to be assisted by experts in evidence-based practices in designing and