Tomato Plant Essay

1284 Words 5 Pages
Genetically modified crop plants
Genetically modified crops are considered to be plants which have been modified using genetic engineering to alter their DNA. This is used to introduce a new trait to the plant which doesn’t occur naturally such as resistance to certain diseases, insects, environmental conditions, decreases the likelihood of spoiling, increases resistance to herbicides and/or pesticides, or improve the overall crop. Unlike cross fertilization process, genes that have been genetically modified are inserted directly into the DNA of the seed. Some may believe this could have unintended environmental and health concerns and in their opinion they are not being fully addressed (Key, S 2008). Gene transfer is a bioengineering process
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First, the target gene is cut from the original organism’s genome and inserted into a vector with an antibiotic resistance gene. Then the vector is then copied in bacteria where the DNA vectors are coated onto tungsten or gold particles. Once that is completed, they are coated onto a Teflon bullet which is next loaded into a gene gun. When the gun is fired into the plan cells they are incorporated into the plant genome. The cells are then placed into an antibiotic media where only cells that have absorbed the vector will grow. Once grown, these cells are transferred into the plants themselves. This is the process of creating an insect resisitant tomato plant (University of Utah …show more content…
According to Food Allergy Research and Education, “Nearly any food is capable of causing an allergic reaction.” (FoodAllergy.org; 2015). Most allergens are considered to be proteins. The Food Allergy Research and Education organization states that 90% of food-allergic reactions in the United States are caused by allergens from a category that consists of eight foods. These eight foods are peanuts, tree nuts, milk, eggs, wheat, soy, shellfish and fish. However, Harvard Immunologist Kevin Bonham says, “This is patently false – genetic engineering techniques allow us to precisely add genes of known structure and function to crops,” (Bonham, K

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