Abandoned Landmine In Vietnam

2198 Words 9 Pages
1. Introduction
Although Vietnam is very famous for many things, such as Vietnamese cuisines, language, culture, destinations, a lot of people only remember Vietnam for one of the worst memories in every Vietnamese mind: the Vietnam War. In spite of the fact that this war was ended in 1975 which was about 40 years ago; the consequences of this war have been still affecting people until now. Together with the long–term impacts on the environment and changes in human genetics of veterans as a consequence of Agent Orange, abandoned weapons or specifically, landmines which are one of the most severe issues Vietnam has been suffering after the horrible war (BBC, 1998). These abandoned weapons came from many belligerents such as China, Lao, Thailand,
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As a result, these abandoned mines have been becoming a controversial issue to the government. This fact makes the researcher become interested in investigating and evaluating the implications of landmines to the development of Vietnam.
2. Research question
This report will look at the impacts of landmines to the development of Vietnam as well as governmental reactions and global reactions to address this issue.
1. Where are the abandoned landmines in Vietnam?
2. What are the impacts of landmines to Vietnam?
3. What has Vietnamese Government done so far to solve this issue?
4. What are belligerents’ actions in order to help Vietnam?
5. What are the future implications of this issue?

2. Discussion
1. Environmental
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Beyond of being killed or wounded, victims who have suffered landmines can also suffer from psychological problems as well as their families have a huge pressure about the finance (Gray & Murray, 2003). According to United Nations Cyber School Bus (n.d.), survivors from the explosion need from 2 to 6 larger units of blood compare to other victims who suffer other war accidents. In addition, landmines victims have many difficulties to access the health system because medical infrastructures and experienced medical staff are limited. Furthermore, Quang Tri province is the province which has the lowest GDP per capita in Vietnam, only about $80 US Dollars (Korea Eximbank, 2012). The medical helps for rehabilitation are also limited as lacking of trainers and financial resources (Walsh & Walsh, 2003). According to Walsh & Walsh (2003), the percentages of success for patient to reintegrate the society partly rely on the support of rehabilitation centres, which are very rare in these provinces. According to World Bank (n.d, p.17, ¶4), Vietnam now is operating “20 rehabilitation centres and 54 provincial hospitals with rehabilitation-physiotherapy departments. At the same time, Vietnam had 34 hospitals which conducted rehabilitation services as a part of the army medical service system”. These centres are certainly not enough compare to the demands of victims who suffer from

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