In 1964, Kitty Genovese was murdered in front of her home, thirty-eight neighbours acknowledged the murder taking place but despite this no one intervened. Researchers regarded the failure to act as being due to the diffusion of responsibility felt by the by stander. Using a vignette the research investigates the effects of the amount of people present in an emergency situation and helping intention and also how the characteristic of the victim effects this. A Two-way unrelated ANOVA was ran, the results found that two effects the amount of people and the characteristic of the individual (whether they are visually impaired or not.) to be significant. No significant effect on the interaction was found. It is concluded that the amount of people and the character of the person does not inhibit helping.
In 1964, Kitty Genovese was murdered in front of her home, thirty-eight neighbours acknowledged the murder taking place but despite this no one intervened. Due to the shocking revelations of this case, two researchers John Darley and Bibb Latane, (Darley & Latane, 1968) set out to try and explain the phenomenon.
Many factors came to be known to explain how and why such disregards for another had led to the behaviour from the neighbours from the tragedy. Many that would go beyond the current literature, in respect of this. The research reports on the social, situational factor of the predictability of the bystanders’ behaviour.