The Study Of Anthropology And The Age Of Empire Essay

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The study of Anthropology has proven to be flexible in the way in which cultures are studied. From when the study first began to the 20th century, many different ways of viewing culture have been documented, and many of those ways have been refuted. Our analyses of different anthropologists starts with Tylor a 19th century evolutionary anthropologist and ends with Malinowski a 20th century functional anthropologist. What falls between them are Boas and his student Kroeber. All four of them have different methodologies and different views of how a society advances towards civilization.
Tylor, a 19th century evolutionary anthropologist, was shaped by the industrial revolution, science, positivism, and the age of empire. The industrial evolution was invested in technology, science created a more distinct methods and study, positivism switched from religion to science and objectivity, and age of empire lead to colonialism. Colonialism created the view point of “us” and “them”, making “uncivilized” societies look less than the more developed western world. Tylor wanted to better understand these societies, so he decided to study them. In doing this, he used other people’s accounts on how societies operate to create an evolutionary chain from savagery to civilization. Although he regarded societies that were not as advanced as savage, he found it appropriate to “eliminate considerations of heredity varieties or races of man, and to treat mankind as homogenous to nature, thought…

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