The Social Origins Of Dictatorship And Democracy Essay

1328 Words Mar 31st, 2015 6 Pages
Barrington Moore’s famous quote, from his 1966 book The Social Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy, “no bourgeoisie, no democracy” refers to the power that the middle class has in the democratization process. Moore looked at the political transitions in eight different countries, and how the revolutions were affected by where they began. When the middle class began the process of revolution, the results were capitalist democracies, whereas revolution from the top brought fascism and from the bottom brought about communism . “However, it is not the direct action of the bourgeoisie that is decisive in Moore’s theory. The strength of the bourgeoisie has a definitive effect upon how rural upper classes and the peasantry approach politics.” Moore’s thesis is historically accurate, as can be seen by looking at many nations around the world. The bourgeoisie, or the middle class, push for the power of self-determination, wanting more power in how things are run, which is an essential part of democratic government. The history of democracy in the UK is a famous example of the power of the growing middle class, allowing them to create the early parliaments that would provide the foundation for democracy. The same middle class pushed for reforms throughout the 19th and 20th centuries that progressively increased who had the right to vote. A strong middle class also correlates to a strong economy, and a strong economy benefits the democratic system. On the opposite side of the…

Related Documents