The Shape Of The New : Two Big Ideas And How They Made The Modern World

1941 Words Dec 8th, 2016 8 Pages
When we look back at individuals that are commonly known to have shaped the course of history, we often think of grand names of political leaders and conquerors such as Genghis Khan, Alexander the Great, Napoleon, etc. It is easy to map out the differences they have made in the world because they are usually physical, actually altered geographical borders. However, we often fail to acknowledge the effect that lesser known names have had on the history of mankind, through ideas and socio/political movements. Men such as Adam Smith, Karl Marx and Charles Darwin. These men weren’t great emperors but they did leave great legacies. They left behind ideas that would shape the future political, economic and social systems of the world. The book “The Shape of the New: Four Big Ideas and How They Made the Modern World” by Scott Montgomery and Dan Chirot explores the legacies these intellectuals left behind and the counter-movements they inspired. Although Smith, Marx, Darwin, Hamilton, and Jefferson wrote theories on economics, history, and society, they raised questions that sparked a broader discussion on ideas of liberty, the individual, religion, education and the role of government. These ideas would shape our modern world – a secular one where religion and government are separate and have different spheres of influence. This has prompted the rise of movements that call for a return to the days where religion was the organizing principle of life. In this paper I will argue that…

Related Documents