Essay on The Self Determination Theory ( Deci & Ryan

1383 Words Sep 25th, 2015 6 Pages
The self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985) has been widely applied to physical activity highlighting that an individual’s levels of personal motivation can have quite a significant impact on their physical activity and psychological functioning. (Ntoumanis, Edmunds & Duda, 2009). The self-determination theory is a macro-theory that explores what regulates motivation and whether certain behaviours are autonomous or self-regulated. Three essential and universal psychological needs are established, these being autonomy, competence, and relatedness, and these needs are essential for development. Different facets within the social environment can promote or discourage the satisfaction of certain psychological needs. (Ntoumanis, Edmunds & Duda, 2009). Self-determination theory is applicable to exercise behaviour as individuals will commonly place other time consuming tasks such as family and work ahead of physical exercise. (Teixeira, Carraça, Markland, Silva & Ryan, 2012) Three types of motivation that individuals have are identified as intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation and amotivation, all three of these types of motivation can play a role in an individual’s physical activity levels. Recently, from a social-determination perspective, goal contents have been examined in relation to exercise. (Teixeira, Carraça, Markland, Silva & Ryan, 2012) The social-determination theory is applicable to goal contents and is very significant when being used to improve exercise…

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