The Securitization Of Asylum Seekers Essay
By the conclusion of 2014, in accordance to reports of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) there are approximately 59.5 million displaced people globally as a result of conflict, violence, environmental degradation and human rights violations. Of these, approximately 19.5 million are classified as an asylum seeker or refugee collectively. A refugee is a person who is unable or unwilling to return to their country of origin owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion (cite convention). Whilst an Asylum seeker is someone who claims refugee status but whose claim has not yet been definitively evaluated. Though, by no means a new concept, mass population movement has been known to both create and exacerbate conflict between neighboring states and challenge the integrity of the host state (Adelphi papers). However, widely perceived as a threat to both the sending and receiving states’ stability, the continued increase in number of refugee and asylum seeker population among displaced people, has today placed more emphasis on the creation of conflict in comparison to exacerbation.
In this study, accepting the perceived threats of asylum seekers and refugee, I will examine the effects of mass population movement on Australia as a receiving state. To clearly present…