The Rwandan Genocide Resulted From A Complex Mixture Of Political, Social, And Economic Factors

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The Rwandan genocide resulted from a complex mixture of political, social, and economic factors. However, by virtue of the capitalist system in Rwanda, profit production was a highly motivating incentive. Even before colonization, Rwandan societal divisions between Hutu and Tutsi were based on wealth as opposed to race. The implication of this is that affluence, prosperity and status had been intertwined for a long portion of Rwandan history and that established the underlying competition between the haves and have nots. Those who were prosperous had usually been Tutsi, who owned more land and thus more crops and the lower class had consisted of Hutus, who owned less land and thus less crops, until the 1959 revolution. Suddenly, there was a massive shift in the basic hierarchy of the nation and many Tutsis became either exiles or impoverished. This means that Tutsis felt that they were usurped of their land while the Hutus believed that they now had the proper claim to all of the nation’s territory. This only served to further expand the economic strain in Rwanda. By the 1990’s, the situation was rapidly deteriorating with displaced refugees, power struggles, a deteriorating economy and growing population all contributing to a very hostile climate. The predominant reason for the 1994 genocide to occur was the intensely competitive economic atmosphere that drove the Rwandan population to the brink of starvation and death.
Within Rwanda’s economic habitat, the most blatant…

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