The Rhetorical Analysis Of Arthur Miller's The Crucible

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American Playwright, Arthur Miller, in his allegorical play, The Crucible, recounts a story of the Salem witch trials which took place between 1692 and 1693 in Salem, Massachusetts. Miller’s purpose is to narrate a fictional account of a story of the Salem witch trials in third-person omniscient as a metaphorical statement against the spread of McCarthyism during the 1950s in America. In order to appeal to similar feelings and experience in his audience, a critical tone is adopted.

Miller begins his allegorical play by acknowledging that John Proctor tries to obtain an understanding among parties in a discussion by pointing out simple facts. In Act 1 with Reverend Parris and further in the text with Putnam Miller displays this. A logical
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Proctor is given the opportunity to continue his relationship with Abigail who continued to pursue him after their affair ended months ago. Nonetheless, he rejects the temptation. He appeals to an awareness of the ethical and moral necessities within himself when he responds to Abigail referring to Elizabeth as a “sickly wife” by telling her she shall “speak nothin’ of Elizabeth!” Proctor responds in this matter in order to show that his moral indignation is rising and he is defending his wife. The writer creates a symbolic diction through the use of the word sickly in Abigail's line. Miller continues to define Proctor’s ethical and moral considerations by including him discussing Abigail with his wife. When Elizabeth finds out John was alone with Abigail she grows upset because he had not told her this previously. Recoiling her reaction, he says, “You will not judge me more, Elizabeth…Some dream I had must have mistaken you for God that day I confessed my affair with Abigail. But you're not, you're not, and let you remember it! Let you look sometimes for the goodness in me, and judge me not.” When saying this, he demands that Elizabeth has no righteousness to judge him for his mistakes because she is not perfect herself. Within this argument, ethos is being relied …show more content…
He gets into a quarrel with Parris regarding what is and isn't suitable for church and says, “Can you speak one minute without we land in Hell again? I am sick of Hell!” He feels that the minister’s services should provide more than just the usual objections and threats. Proctor implies that he longs for the church to uplift him instead of degrading him. He continues to say, “I may speak my heart, I think!”. The writer includes this in order to appeal to pathos. This outpouring of emotion from Proctor during this argument conveys a passionate and emotional tone.

Through the use of rhetorical devices, Miller writes his play about unjustified oppression in response to the “Red Scare” taking place in the 1950s. Miller identified the Salem Witch trials as a parallel to the attacks of his time. He hoped that by presenting the past to the American people, the future would not continue to repeat

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