The Reasoning Elements In Plato's Republic

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Register to read the introduction… These elements are the rationally calculating element, the appetitive element and the spirited element (Plato 143-144, 439d-441a). When each of these elements performs its function without interfering with the others Plato calls this person just. The rationally calculating element, also known as one’s reason, rules over the soul because of its wisdom and foresight. Musical and physical training allow the reasoning element and the spirited element work in harmony. The spirited element obeys the reason and aids it in controlling the appetitive element, which overlooks a soul’s different desires. When reason and spirit allow the appetitive element to control them a person becomes unjust (Plato 145, 441e-442b). To complete his original argument, that justice in a city is comparable to justice within a person, Plato then likens these different elements to the different virtues embodied in his created city, courage, wisdom, temperance and justice. A person’s courage is contained within his spirited element, as a city’s courage was contained within its auxiliaries. A person’s wisdom is contained within the reason that rules over him, as the philosopher king’s ruled over Plato’s city. Temperance was found in the agreement to allow the rationally calculating element to rule over the soul, as the craftsmen and auxiliaries allowed the philosopher kings to rule over them (Plato 145,

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