The Pros And Cons Of Religion And Morality

Amazing Essays
People today are affiliated with diverse religions and beliefs. There are Catholics, Christians, Buddhists, Baptists, but some individuals are Athiest. Atheism is “ the view that God does not exist” (Shafer-Landau 64). Within our society today, people all over believe that having religious views is needed to fulfill our duty in life. They believe if we are not religious, then we can not be civilized, generous, and cannot possess a moral compass. The one question that I raised when reading the book, The Fundamentals of Ethics, by Shafer- Landau, was in chapter five, “Religion and Morality”, was why some people believe that just because an individual does not believe in God, then they are immoral, and unable to pursue their duty in life? Why …show more content…
If an individual is not religious, it does not mean that they can not fulfill their duty in their lives. Utilitarianism is an example that does not involve religious belief to fulfill their duty in life. “Utilitarianism is the doctrine that the rightness of actions be judged by their consequences” (Smart 78). Utilitarians are groups of individuals who believe in the theory of helping others and making our world a better place, no matter what religion one is. Ethical egoist are another group of individuals who can fulfill their duty in life without religious beliefs. Ethical egoist are people who believe that their “actions are morally right just because they best promote one 's self-interest” (Shafer-Landau 107). I want to argue that the atheist individuals in our world can be more morally good than those who are a theist, a believer in …show more content…
Extreme utilitarianism is, “For an extreme utilitarian moral rules are rules of thumb. In practice the extreme utilitarian will mostly guide his conduct by appealing to the rules (“do not lie,” “do not break promises,” etc.) of common–sense morality” (Smart, 79). An extreme utilitarian is one who believes that the rules are good, but they do not always tell us what we should do. Extreme utilitarianism explains the “right” or “wrong” emphasis in an action depends on if the good outweighs the bad or the bad outweighs the good. A religious belief is not required in order to be an extreme utilitarian, you just have to be aware of the consequences of your actions. Restricted utilitarians are those who believe, “In general the rightness of an action is not to be tested by evaluating its consequences but only by considering whether or not it falls under a certain rule.” (Smart, 78). Restricted utilitarianism expresses that people believe rules should be followed at all times. Just because an individual does not believe that God was the creator of the world, does not mean that the individual would not follow the rules that are

Related Documents

  • Decent Essays

    Divine Command Theory

    • 840 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Squirrel stop! This nihilistic view that you have adopted can be even more dangerous than Divine Command Theory. To live one’s life with the belief that there are no moral truths can be dangerous. The metaethical view that I agree with is known as Cultural Relativism. This view states that “moral standards are relative to cultures or societies.” (Shafer-Landau, 293) I like this view because I believe that people should be able to live their lives according to their own moral standards.…

    • 840 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    God exhibits the true moral laws, the ten commandments, and commands us to follow them or else he will punish us. In a morally relativistic culture, the only reason that one would or wouldn’t do anything is to avoid possible consequences. Possible consequences include punishment, which assumes ethical egoism. You want to avoid punishment for your own interest. We obey because it is important to obey your creator, however then comes into question who your creator may be.…

    • 1666 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    As we think of morality, many questions, such as “what is considered right ?”, and “what is considered wrong?”, come to mind. While many people believe that religion can help us answer these questions, others argue that morality is self- determining and should not relate to religion in any way. When morality and religion are put together, it causes conflicts because one person 's’ morals are not the same as another individuals. One person’s morals can be based off of one religion while others’ morals come from a separate religion, or in some cases, no religion at all. Thus, causing conflict because of all the different opinions on what is considered right and what is considered wrong.…

    • 832 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    How is it that people are to follow through with something without considering the consequences? Immanuel Kant argues that we as people should not act for reasons because if we do, we will be self-contradicting ourselves. He believes that we are being morally irrelevant if we base are wrong doings or right doings with consequences before we choose to do the action. He believes we should be willing to accomplish our duties and tasks without worrying about the aftermath of an action. Kant believes it should be a requirement for us to obey the moral law because it is a noble thing to do.…

    • 1804 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Hypothetical Imperatives

    • 1054 Words
    • 5 Pages

    By thinking that use of moral judgments as categorical is a reason for adhering to them, you are submitting to the idea that continuing to do something will not result in an end in itself. Every action is independent of itself. Moral rules do not in themselves give a reason for making you follow…

    • 1054 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Wrong action being simply if another person is hurt, or in other terms, if you get in the way of someone living a happy, healthy life then you have done wrong. The view is that morality is objective and applies to every single person instead of subjectively changing from person to person. “...naturalistic forms of moral realism according to which there are objective moral facts and properties and these moral facts and properties are natural facts and properties.” (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Moral Naturalism) Although this view is often dismissed it is often used to explain how morality can be obtained without religious affiliation and the belief of God. Atheism for example, is proof that without the belief of God you can possess moral constraint. Humans do not need the promise of salvation and the fear of damnation held over them to act ‘good’.…

    • 1228 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Bentham believed, an action that is compliant to the belief of utilitarianism is right or at least not wrong. It must be done, or at least it is not the case that it might not be done. Bentham doesn’t use the word 'responsibility ' here. Rights and responsibilities are ethical ideas, connected with the concepts of knowledge and authorization. What we think of moral duties and rights would need an ethical representative but religious ideas are outside the range of his philosophy.…

    • 920 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    One is to ground goodness in God’s nature. This answers the question of whether an action is morally good because God commands it because it implies that God does not decide what is right and what is wrong on impulse. It is God’s nature to do good, and God never acts against his nature. God commands and speaks out of his character, not arbitrarily. This then answers the question of whether God commands an action because it is morally good because the foundation of morality is God’s nature and not some external principle to which God must follow.…

    • 1302 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Whether we feel against or not we know the morally right thing and it’s our duty to care out our action. Apart from what is in the sense of good will nothing else is considered to be good. He says that when guided to do what’s good in by morality there is no seeking for the reward. The simple reward is doing the right thing. When based off of feelings as for a reward for doing the right thing then it is not morality.…

    • 881 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays
  • Decent Essays

    Morality, Religion and Conscience 1. How does Arthur respond to those who argue that religion is necessary for moral motivation? According to the essay Arthur definitely oppose the idea that religion is necessary for moral motivation . He believes that people do the right thing because they are afraid of the consequences. He proposes various examples where people think about getting caught or what someone else is going to think of them.…

    • 892 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Decent Essays

Related Topics