The Proposal Of Y And Z 's Survival Lottery Essay

1033 Words Nov 22nd, 2015 null Page
The proposal of Y and Z’s survival lottery can be seen as being problematic because it follows the principle of utilitarianism. This essay will show how the survival lottery develops the ideas of a utilitarianism/consequentialist argument and will seek to critique it. Firstly I will look at how the survival lottery and utilitarianism see people as merely a means to an end and how this goes against Kant’s categorical imperative. Secondly, I will explore how the survival lottery looks at killing and letting die morally equivalent and how this goes against the doctrine of acts and omissions. I will finally conclude with looking at how the survival lottery, alike utilitarianism, causes an infringement on autonomy.

The second formulation in Kant’s categorical imperative focuses on treating people as ends in themselves. Kant states that individuals should “act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, always at the same time as an end and never merely as a means” meaning that humans should be treated as an end not as a means. Kant argues that every human being is inherently valuable as we have the ability to think rationally, by making decisions which go beyond using instincts. Therefore, to treat a rational being as an end is morally right as it respects an individual’s inherent value. Whereas, treating a person merely as a means is morally unacceptable. People should never be used as objects or as something to reach a…

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