The Personality Of Modern Day Primates
Our modern day society has been structured to a government regulated 2000 calorie intake of meat, fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy, the latter of which our ancestors did not consume. Hunter-gathers did not consume many grains, thus it is shown that modern standards for grains may be misleading, since grains accumulate only a few minerals and vitamins needed for the body, whereas the 3-5 servings a day of fruits and vegetables only seem commendable, but may not suffice compared to the hunter-gatherer intakes. The fat intake for the wild game that hunter-gatherer tribes ate was much less than “current average American consumption and US government recommendations” (Kious, p.3), and their sodium intake was also less than modern day diets. Evidence suggests that modern societies are faced with problems attributed to the lack of adaptation to the modern day society, meaning that our bodies are not meant for this era; which has led to a plethora of diseases, such as “obesity, non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus” (Kious, p.5), as well as “hypertension, [and] rheumatoid arthritis” (Zuk, 2003). Our ancestors did not know these diseases, which suggests that their nutrition was much more compatible to their environment, bodies, and overall health. Another reason for our lack of proper nutrition is the modern farming which contains large crops of monoculture agriculture, rather than the practice of horticulture, which “unlike the specialized fields of most intensive agriculturists---all rice or all tomatoes--- the plot contains a jumble of crops, from roots to tubers to fruit trees and palms, flourishing primarily in a bed of ash” (Bates, 2005, p. 93, 94). Modern tribes continue to practice the slash-and- burn techniques, of which, as Bates mentions, contains a wider variety of biodiversity within crops.