The Perils Of Obedience And Zimbardo 's The Stanford Prison Experiment

1011 Words Jan 21st, 2016 null Page
Two psychological experimenters attempted to uncover the most brutal area of the human brain in their articles: Milgram 's "The Perils of Obedience" and Zimbardo 's "The Stanford Prison Experiment". The first and earliest of these experimenters was Stanley Milgram, who conducted his experiments at Yale University. He starts the article with information on testing whether or not a person would administer painful—and eventually lethal—shocks to other people when given the order by an authoritative person in the room with the ‘teacher’. His results were indeed surprising: twenty-five people out of forty administered lethal shocks when instructed. He includes excerpts from the experiment to add to his argument. The most shocking point he makes, however, is that this may be why Nazis were able to do terrible things to other people. The next experimenter is Philip Zimbardo, who conducted his study in a basement at Stanford that was set up as a realistic prison. He writes about how subjects were split into two groups at random: guards and prisoners. Guards were banned from physically abusing prisoners, but they performed forms of psychological torture. The study, which was supposed to last two weeks, Zimbardo writes, had to be cut short at six days due to the condition of the prisoners. Zimbardo is shocked at the state of both the prisoners and guards. Both Milgram’s and Zimbardo’s experiments show that anyone can present sadistic tendencies under extreme circumstances, and the…

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