Essay on The Origin Of The Neolithic Era

2317 Words Sep 12th, 2016 10 Pages
In the 1930s, a Australian archeologist, Gordon Childe coined the term ‘urban revolution” and identified a list of characteristics that defined a civilization. Childe also identified stages of human society until it had become a civilization, and in those stages Childe defines the Neolithic era as part of the barbarism stage. Gordon Childe had believed that the Bronze Age had brought an early phase of a civilized world, even though some villages and communities in the Neolithic era had shown many characteristics of a civilization. Though the term of civilization has changed several times and could be considered problematic to define. Civilization can be hard to define because what some may consider to be civilized in their culture may be misjudged or may even horrify another culture. What truly defines civilized behavior can be influenced directly by ones culture and customs, so in other words, what determines a civilization can also be determined by culture and customs. So could some Neolithic communities, such as Jericho, be considered early civilizations that also identify with the characteristics provided by Gordon Childe and other archeologist? In order to determine if Neolithic villages could be consider a civilizations, this paper will compare and contrast: language, commerce, social relations, social stratification and job specialization. As well as identifying characteristics that would or would not define a civilization in the Neolithic era (Violatti 2014).…

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