The Novel ' 1984 ' By George Orwell Essay

1528 Words Feb 9th, 2016 null Page
In 1984, a dystopian novel written by George Orwell, the oppressive government known as “Big Brother” used an assortment of techniques like surveillance and manipulation to keep the lower classes adhering. The highest class, formally known as the Party, implements and enforces the rules to the lowest class – the Proles. Life was monotonous for the lower classes, while the upper class was privileged and enjoyed much happier lives. Throughout the story, Orwell employs a variety of literary devices to illustrate the dilemmas that were faced by the main character, Winston, and those that he meets along the way. Many themes such as the dangers of totalitarianism, reality control, and blind obedience versus rebellion were present throughout 1984; several examples from modern articles and books like The Diary of a Young Girl reinforce these themes.
The dangers of totalitarianism is one of the most important themes in Orwell’s novel 1984, as it exemplifies how people’s freedoms are limited in order to maintain a strict loyalty to “Big Brother”. People were accustomed to the idea of fearing the consequences of possibly breaking that loyalty to the government. To keep people in line with the government’s totalitarian goals, war was a major part of this system of domination. Goldstein’s Manifesto describes how the three super states – Oceania, Eurasia, and Eastasia – have been at a consistently realigning war throughout the novel, with their leaders controlling the people through…

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