The Nature Vs. Nature Versus Nurture Essay

1300 Words May 20th, 2016 6 Pages
In regards to gender, the “nature versus nurture” debate refers the opposition between a biologically-based conception and one grounded in social psychology. On the “nature” side, gender is a matter of a person 's physiological makeup. There are varying accounts of what body parts specifically are indicative of gender, with gonads, chromosomes, and reproductive organs being among the contenders for criterion of gender. Regardless, on this view gender and sex are correlated, and “male” and “female” are the only existing categories. Those individuals born with the appropriate “male” physiology are men, and those with the corresponding correct “female” anatomy are women. At the roots of this perspective are positivist assumptions that science and empirical evidence are what determines both sex and gender, as well as that sex and gender are universally found to be correlated and binary. This implies that any differences found between men and women are the result of essentially different “natures” that they possess, and that men and women universally conform to the “nature” of their sex and gender (Thomas, May 16). While those who advocate the “nurture”side also base their view on positivist and post-positivist evidence, they contrast in that they emphasize the role of socialization that of “gender roles” that individuals are taught to fulfill through this process. The concept of “gender roles,” however, contains the assumption that there is such thing as a “pre-social” person.…

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