The Natural Environment Essays

1493 Words Dec 16th, 2016 6 Pages
ANTH 235 Fall 2016 Final Exam essays

The natural environment has been used to help explain the rise and fall of archaeological cultures across the world. Evaluate the relative importance of environment with specific examples from Mesoamerica and the Andes.

The environment has always been a key factor of the success or implosion for civilizations all around the globe. Mesoamerica and the Andes, both hold a handful of societies that were created, expanded, and even destroyed by the natural environment in which they once flourished. Creation and expansion of certain civilizations were causes of extreme fertile land, large water sources, and strategic locations for protection from enemies and/or for trade with others societies. On the downside, civilizations have also met their demise due to bad environment and weather conditions, such as droughts, overuse of fertile land, and el Niño effects.
In the Central Andes, three basic zones developed due to specific weather conditions: the narrow coastal plain, the Andes mountain range, and the tropical forest. These differences in each of the ecosystems lead to a great difference of resources produced in each area. To separate the different ecosystems throughout the three zones, they are divided into vertical zones, showing what each specific area of land is good for from herding to crop production to fishing. In every specific zone, there is different civilization inhabits it. More specifically, Real Alto, Ecuador and Huaca Prieta,…

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