The Mughal Empire: Nomads Of The Asian Steppe

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Nomads of the Asian Steppe: The steppe is a vast piece dry grassland- the western one runs from Central Asia to Eastern Europe and the eastern one covers Mongolia. Nomadic people roamed the steppes herding their animals. Clans of nomads often interacted with settle societies through trade; however, sometimes weak settlements were raided by strong nomadic clans.
• Pastoralists: pastoralists were nomads who herded domesticated animals and were constantly on the move in search of pasture for their herds. They depended on their herds for food, clothing, and shelter. Rather than wandering, the nomads followed a familiar seasonal pattern and often returned to regular campsites.
• Clans: kinship groups pastoralists traveled together in. Clans sometimes
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A pattern for future sultans to gain control was set and weak sultans were produced.

Chapter 18.3- The Mughal Empire in India
Early History of the Mughals: Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni attacked India around 1000. Delhi became the capitol of the Delhi Sultanate, a loose empire left after the attack and ruled by Turkish warlords. It was destroyed in 1398 by Timur the Lame but didn’t rise to power until the 16th century. An 11-year-old boy named Babur proved to be a strong general and founded the Mughal Empire. His son, Humayun, lost much of his territory.
• Mughals: meaning “Mongols.” They were a group of invaders lead by a descendant of Timur the Lame and Genghis Khan.
• Babur: a boy who inherited a kingdom, in what is now Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, in 1494. After being driven away by his elders, Babur built an army and began what would become the Mughal Empire.
Akbar’s Golden Age: Like his grandfather, Akbar was a great conqueror. He was also a great ruler, a “genius at cultural blending.” Akbar tolerated many religions and governed his empire well, developing an efficient taxation policy and a land policy that showed mixed results. Cultural exchange in his empire affected education, art, language, and
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After his son rebelled, Jahangir turned to the Sikhs rather than Islam, the religion he was promoting previously. Shah Jahan succeeded the throne and wed his mother’s niece. The people suffered under Shah Jahan’s rule. Famine and poverty struck the common people. Aurangzeb became the next ruler after his father fell sick. A master at military strategy, Aurangzeb greatly expanded the Mughal Empire. However, the empire’s power weakened because he kept enforcing Islamic laws. Unlike his grandfather Akbar, Aurangzeb made enemies of the Hindu rajputs and imposed oppressive

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