The Migration Of Fiji And New Zealand Essay

1914 Words May 18th, 2016 8 Pages
Fiji is geographically located in the Northeast direction of New Zealand and it takes approximately three hours to travel between the two countries by plane. Unlike New Zealand, which is one of the developed countries in the southern hemisphere, Fiji is relatively small in land size and also in terms of economic development. Indigenous Fijians and Indo-Fijians (also known as Fiji Indians) are the two dominant ethnic groups in Fiji, where the former consists of around 51 percent of the total population and the latter makes up around 43 percent. The trends of migration from Fiji to New Zealand can be traced back to 1960s when Fiji was working towards independence from Britain, however, the process of migration accelerated in the late 1980s. It was mostly the Fiji Indians emigrating out of Fiji as a result of the bitter conditions, such as racial tensions and discrimination, created by the military coup d’états in the country.
Whilst some historiographical analysis have indicated that the total number of Fijians migrating out of Fiji during 1987 to 2001 was around 76,000 and almost 89 percent were Indo-Fijians, others have noted that New Zealand accounted 23 percent of the emigrants from Fiji during the same period. Thus, a range of push factors that contributed to the Fiji Indian emigration process to New Zealand from the 1970s to the early 2000s will be explored in this essay. Push factors of migration, in this context, can be defined as the political instability and the…

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