The Marshmallow Test By Walter Mischel Essay

1880 Words Dec 21st, 2016 8 Pages
The Marshmallow Test
In the late 1960s, a Stanford professor, Walter Mischel, conducted several psychological studies. One of his studies was the Marshmallow Experiment. In this study, Mischel and his fellow graduate students placed children in rooms, individually, and presented each child with a marshmallow. He then offered a deal to them. The deal was if the child would wait the allotted time before eating the marshmallow, he/she would be given a second marshmallow, which the child would then be able to enjoy. However, nothing would happen if the child would not wait. The goal of this experiment was to test the child’s ability to delay gratification. Over the last fifty years, the Marshmallow Test became synonymous with temptation, willpower, and delayed gratification.
Who was Walter Mischel? Walter Mischel was one of the most influential modern psychologists. Mischel was born on February 22, 1930 in Vienna, Austria. When the Nazis occupied Vienna in 1938, Mischel and his family migrated to the United States, where they settled in Brooklyn, New York. Mischel was valedictorian of his high school class, and received a scholarship to New York University (The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica, 2016). Mischel graduated from New York University in 1951 with his bachelor’s degree, then moved on to the College of City University of New York, where he received his masters in 1953, and finally, he graduated from Ohio State University with his PhD in 1956. Walter Mischel was known…

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