The Manhattan Project : A Nuclear Weapon Essay

770 Words Sep 14th, 2015 4 Pages
The Manhattan Project began in the United States during World War II in efforts to produce a nuclear weapon that could combat Nazi Germany. The project began in 1942 when the task of building a nuclear bomb was given to the War Department. Colonel James C. Marshall established the offices at the Atlantic Division headquarters on Broadway in New York City, hence the name of the “Manhattan Engineer District (MED)” which would later be known as the Manhattan Project. A number of laboratories spawned across the country, ranging from Chicago to California, to New Mexico to Tennessee. Billions of dollars were involved in this massive undertaking involving over 100,000 people. Germany — under Hitler’s leadership — was running a similar nuclear weapons project lead coined the “uranium project.” In 1938, the groundbreaking discovery of fission was made by three German physicists. Kurt Diebner, an army physicist was employed to investigate the applications of fission along with physicist Werner Heisenberg, who calculated that nuclear fission chain reactions may be possible. Meanwhile, Italy was under fascist rule by Benito Mussolini. Both Germany and Italy fought on the side of the Axis during WWII. Italy surrendered to the Allies on September 8, 1943; six weeks prior to the removal of fascist Italian dictator, Benito Mussolini. Meanwhile, Germany fought the war on two fronts — the Western and Eastern — until the ultimate defeat of Germany on May 7, 1945. President Franklin Delano…

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