“The main threat to the stability of the Weimar Republic in the period of 1919 to 1923 came from the political violence of the extreme right.” How far do you agree with this judgement?
The period of 1919 to 1923 saw numerous factors threaten the stability of the Weimar Republic. The political violence from both the left and right wing parties, the weakness of the Weimar Constituion itself and the economic issues such as hyperinflation all posed as threats to the stability of the Republic. However, although the statement above claims that the political violence from the right was the main threat to the stability of the republic, the Treaty of Versailles resulted in the republic itself been built upon resentment and failure. In turn, this
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This was displayed in the Communist rallies and demonstrations that often attracted large audiences. Taking support from the Republic and adding it to the left wing meant that they could make a larger impact on the republic itself, threatening its position and questioning its authority. However, the Republic was never really in any serious danger of succumbing to Communism. For example, the KPD lacked popular support amongst the people. They only won 12.6% of the vote in the elections in the Reichstag of 1920. People were more motivated by economic issues such as food shortages as oppose to the political upheaval that the party suggested. Without the support of the people, it would be impossible to even suggest any action against the republic without accepting defeat. Also, the KPD was poorly led. It had no organisation, no political insight or ruthlessness like that of Lenin in Russia in 1917. This was shown in the Spartacist rising, when Liebknecht and Luxemburg failed to control the rising to any great effect, resulting in a botched affair. More so, this event displayed that the left didn’t have the capability to interfere with the Republic and if they did, they could be put down very easily by the Freikorps. In hindsight, the threat