The Main Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Biological And Psychological Driving Forces

1470 Words May 5th, 2016 6 Pages
Crime is defined as a non-approved act that violates the legislated law, and is hence deemed punishable. (McLauhlin & Muncie 2005).
Positivism is a strong approach towards crime that focuses on the assumption that an individual who commits crime is deviant. The underlying theory proposes that individuals exhibit criminal behaviour due to abnormalities in their biological and psychological aspects, including their genetic makeup, personality and state of mind.
In short, it claims that it’s in the nature of the offender to deviate, however nurture plays a role in psychological factors
Despite the capacity of positivism to explain the majority of street crimes, it neglects the social aspects, including environmental factors and social influences, which sway a person to commit crime.
In this essay I will evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the biological and psychological driving forces and address the lack of emphasis of social influences on individuals to commit crime.
In this essay street crime will be defined as a criminal offense in a public area and violent crime as ‘an offense that involves threat or threat of force’ (FBI).

Positivism argues that the predetermined pathology of an offender drives an individual to partake in street and violent crimes. Violent crimes are a natural phenomenon that occurs due to biological factors, which are out of an individual’s control and free will. Biological factors refers to the composition of an individual’s body…

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