The Locavore Glass Ceiling Case Study

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Please answer ALL of the following questions below. You can use bullet points if you’d like to assist in organizing any of your answers, but do use complete sentences.

1. Drawing on lecture notes and course readings, identify at least two reasons that explain the dramatic increases in agricultural productivity seen across the world since World War II. You can answer this in just a few sentences. (5 points)

At the end of world war two, agricultural productivity improved worldwide. A reason as to why this may have occurred, was due to “…the tremendous postwar increases in the productivity of American farmers, made possible by cheap fossil fuel[s]…” (Pollan, 2010). Furthermore, due to the end of the war, all of the supplies and agriculture
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However, there is often a side that is pessimistic for the change in sustainability, and on the contrary there is a side that is optimistic for the change in sustainability. To further explain, the article “The Locavore Glass Ceiling” by Rebecca Som Castellano, outlines the more pessimistic side to eating local and buying organic food. Castellano describes that “…rather than improving gender inequality in the food system, local food movement participation actually exacerbates gender inequality in the household” (2015). By concluding that the local food movement actually creates gender inequality, Castellano puts forth the idea that buying local isn’t so rewarding and opposes the optimistic outlook on buying local. Whereas, Catherine Badgley’s “Can Organic Food Feed the World?” expresses a very optimistic view on eating organic and local. Badgley outlines that “Organic farming can reduce [problems of the global food system], grow enough food for the world and provide robust economic returns” (2015). Both Badgley and Castellano have opposing viewpoints on eating and growing local, organic food. This example only goes to show that there can be pessimistic and optimistic view points on any issue revolving around sustainability. As mentioned before, this is due to the fact that sustainability isn’t easily defined, and …show more content…
First of all, Barlow outlined that plastic bottles that water is contained in are in fact made of petroleum and natural gas. These use of the petrochemicals directly increases the economy for the fossil fuel industry. Similarly, Barlow also outlined that the actual production of the water bottles involves energy, which is in the form of fossil fuels. Therefore, the bottled water industry is directly linked to the fossil fuel industry in a sense that both the bottle itself is made from fossil fuels, and the process in which the bottle is made also requires fossil

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