Essay about The Language Of Hungarian Language

2065 Words May 22nd, 2016 9 Pages
Hungarian is a language which is spoken by natives of Hungary, some areas of Austria, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and the Ukraine.The language family of Hungarian is Uralic; Uralic languages are spoken by people predominantly from Northern Eurasian. The essay will go over the following concepts. The example that will be analysed and compared is the translated sentence of “Adam loves Eve” to its english equivalent. Firstly, the language of Hungary will be discussed throughout the essay showing, the examples of its highly variable word order and evidence towards the language being non-configurational. Secondly, whether the evidence presented can make the claim that it is or is not a non-configurational language and give arguments to why it may not be a non-configurational language. Thirdly, comparing the structures of the sentence from of Hungarian to English in Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG).

Firstly, Hungarian is most thought to be a non-configurational language, due to its “free word-order”. In Austin and Bresnan’s work “Non-configurationality in Australian Aboriginal Languages”, they suggest that non-configurational languages are comprised of, free “pragmatically-determined” word order, “syntactically discontinuous expressions”, do not contain VP constituents, split ergative case marking (usually in accusative case), and null anaphora or referred to as prodrop. To add on, non-configurational languages are exocentric, so unlike endocentric structures, Austin…

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