The Johari Window Explained Essay

3397 Words 14 Pages
Description Of How Your Personality Was Formed
Application of theories of personality development:
This paper addresses two theories that present contrasting views of my own personality which is influenced not only by my parents but other family members, friends and the world around me. Therefore these are the trait and phenomenological theories of personality.

In the trait theories, the basic variables of the theory are people’s traits, that is, their “broad predispositions to respond in particular ways” (Pervin & John, 2001, p. 226). Most trait theories try to identify a common set of traits that can be used to describe the personality of any individual. These “nomothetic” trait theories rely on the statistical procedure of
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The only influence parents would have on their children’s personality is a biological one. They pass their genes on to their children. According to the trait theories, parent’s interpersonal interactions with their children would exert little effect on the child’s personality development.
A very different view is put forth by proponents of phenomenological theories of personality. The primary focus of the phenomenological theories is the individual’s subjective experience of their world, that is, their phenomenological experience (Pervin & John, 2001). In particular, people’s subjective experience of themselves, or their self-concept, is seen as the core of individuals’ personalities.

Among the most prominent of the phenomenological theories of personality is the self theory of Carl Rogers (Pervin & John, 2001). Rogers contended that people’s psychological experiences are not determined by objective events in the world, but by their subjective interpretations of these events. These interpretations, in turn, are heavily influenced by a person’s self concept. Specifically, people may experience psychological distress when they cannot integrate their daily experiences with their sense of who they really are, as might be manifested by a person’s saying that “I just haven’t been acting like myself lately.” Alternatively, a

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