The Incidence Of Death From Cancer Essay

838 Words May 8th, 2016 4 Pages
The incidence of death from cancer is decreasing, but it will always have a significant impact in nursing practice. Mortality has declined by 66% over the past 30 years, from a 5-year survival rate of less than 50% to approximately 83% today (Barbel & Peterson, 2015). The article, “Recognizing subtle signs and symptoms of pediatric cancer”, discusses the causes and risks, signs and symptoms, details of the different forms of cancer, as well as some nursing implications in regards to pediatric cancer.
Childhood cancers usually involve the hematopoietic system (leukemia), brain, and other parts of the nervous system, soft tissues, kidneys (Wilms tumor), and bone (Porth, 2015). There are many risk factors relating to the environment, genetics, and/or microbes. When it comes to the environment, radiation seems to be the sole cause relating to multiple different types of cancer including the most common type, Leukemia. Other environmental factors such as drugs, chemotherapy, and exposure to chemicals, also increase the risk for childhood cancer. Genetics, which seems to be the cause of most malignancies, include immunodeficiencies, chromosomal abnormalities, inherited gene mutations, and genetic syndromes. Microbial risks include viruses such as hepatitis B, HPV, HIV, H. pylori, and EBV.
The most common risk factor, being radiation, can cause multiple different forms of cancer alone. Some of these include leukemia, central nervous system cancers, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and…

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