The Importance Of The Ancient Greek Empire
The Greeks were no strangers to war and violence. In fact, they embraced it. The Mycenaeans, dating back to 1600 B.C., they laid the basis for the Greeks. Embellished polis’ or city-states started to emerge from the Grecian mainland, such as Athens, Sparta, Thebes, and Delphi, as well as many others. In the height of Ancient Greek civilization, wars displayed Greek unity and power against foreigners, such as the Trojan Wars (1260-1180 B.C.), and the Persian War (490-479 B.C.). There is no doubt the Greeks were not militarily strong. The greatest and strongest of all these militaries in Ancient Greece were the Spartans. Between the years 431 and 404 B.C., the Spartans and Athenians broke out in war, called the Peloponnesian Wars. Conquering at the end were the Spartans, with Athen’s narcissism and ego wounded.
Forget not, the powerful and undefeated Alexander the Great. At the age of 20, Alexander became ruler of Macedonia in the northern territory of the Grecian mainland. In revenge of the Persian and to carry-out his father’s plan, Alexander declared war on Persia. Defeating them battle after battle, in hopes to kill the king, Darius, Alexander traveled all over the Persian Empire, including Egypt, Iran, Afghanistan, and the Hindu Kush near India. Just at the age of 32 years old, Alexander died of what was supposed malaria in Babylon. Leaving no heir, his empire …show more content…
By the time Alexander died in 323 B.C. the Romans were already on the verge of creating the most powerful and largest empire in the ancient world. During the Hellenistic Period, from about 323 to 30 B.C., the Romans were able to use the connections of the already conquered territories and expand to that. From Egypt to Britain and Spain to Asia Minor, the Romans ruled with an iron fist. Military became Roman’s strong suit. Ruthless, obedient and extremely formidable, they spread fear to all their subjects. In the Punic Wars, Carthage became Roman’s main rival for control of the Mediterranean. After defeating Carthage, burned the city to the ground, laying salt on the soil to avoid future civilization. For almost 1000 years, the Romans defeated Egypt, saw the end of the Hellenistic Period, persecuted thousands of Christians, oversaw the Republic, and in the end, were defeated by Anglo-Saxon barbarians.
With the Egyptian, it was the everyday person, scribe and pharaohs who kept their civilization alive. With the Greeks, their faith in the gods influences their everyday lives and ultimate decisions. And with the Romans, their military force and persistence of conquest was their remedy for a powerful empire. To me, these are all the things that, in the ancient world measured to a stable empire; the civilian, the god, and the