Ancient Greek Empires

One of the key elements to a successful, powerful and long-lasting empire is stability and maintenance. In the ancient world, stability is measured by strength, whether by numbers or military force. The Ancient Egyptians were the longest reigning empire ever recorded in history starting in about 3100 B.C. to the end of the Hellenistic Period in 30 B.C. The Greeks lived in a world filled with a grand religion, sportsmanship, philosophy, and revolutionary art and politics. With the help of Alexander the Great, the kick start to the spread of the Roman Empire was the largest and most powerful empire the ancient world had ever seen. These three massive empires had great stability, wonderful armies, extraordinary tales, and left their mark in history …show more content…
However, Ancient Greek religion was the most fundamental and important part in every single Greek life. Countless upon thousands of deities in the religion, and 12 of whom are the most important: Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, Hermes, Hephaestus, Athena, Aphrodite, Ares, Demeter, Apollo, Artemis, and Dionysus. Almost every large city-state had a patron deity. Athena was the patron of Athens, Ares and Artemis were the patrons of Sparta, Dionysus was the patron of Thebes, and Poseidon was the patron god of Corinth. Daily rituals, monthly and yearly festivals and sacrifices took up a bulk of the lives of Greeks. Shrines were built inside the homes of every Greek to worship the gods. The life of an everyday Greek was surrounded by their religion. Their crops, politics, marriage, art, and family. Everything they did was in service and respect toward the gods. Not out of love, like most religions in the modern world, but as a civilian to their king. Unlike the Egyptians with the everyday person and Romans with their military, the backbone to the stability of Greece was in their …show more content…
The Greeks were no strangers to war and violence. In fact, they embraced it. The Mycenaeans, dating back to 1600 B.C., they laid the basis for the Greeks. Embellished polis’ or city-states started to emerge from the Grecian mainland, such as Athens, Sparta, Thebes, and Delphi, as well as many others. In the height of Ancient Greek civilization, wars displayed Greek unity and power against foreigners, such as the Trojan Wars (1260-1180 B.C.), and the Persian War (490-479 B.C.). There is no doubt the Greeks were not militarily strong. The greatest and strongest of all these militaries in Ancient Greece were the Spartans. Between the years 431 and 404 B.C., the Spartans and Athenians broke out in war, called the Peloponnesian Wars. Conquering at the end were the Spartans, with Athen’s narcissism and ego wounded.
Forget not, the powerful and undefeated Alexander the Great. At the age of 20, Alexander became ruler of Macedonia in the northern territory of the Grecian mainland. In revenge of the Persian and to carry-out his father’s plan, Alexander declared war on Persia. Defeating them battle after battle, in hopes to kill the king, Darius, Alexander traveled all over the Persian Empire, including Egypt, Iran, Afghanistan, and the Hindu Kush near India. Just at the age of 32 years old, Alexander died of what was supposed malaria in Babylon. Leaving no heir, his empire

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